How could biodiversity concerns be considered in Climate Change Mitigation Activities?


Following the ultimate objective of UNFCCC, which is declared in its article 2, ecosystems - the natural basis of human being - should be enabled to naturally adapt to climate change. To mitigate climate change, measures might be taken under the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol, which include such activities as afforestation, reforestation, forest management, revegetation, cropland management, and grazing land management. These activities can have adverse impacts on biodiversity, but they are also considered potential contributors to biodiversity conservation.Therefore, such activities depending on their concrete design have the chance to simultaneously contribute to the Convention on Climatic Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). In an attempt to achieve these synergies, the Conference of the Parties (CBD COP 6) has called for strengthened collaboration between the two conventions on issues such as:

  • The impact of climate change on biological diversity, including forest biodiversity;
  • The integration of biodiversity considerations in the implementation of the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol.